2.4 : Residential Environmental Data




2.4.5 2025 Residential Buildings Energy End-Use Carbon Dioxide Emissions Splits, by Fuel Type
(Million Metric Tons) (1)
Natural Petroleum
Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal Electricity (3) Total Percent
Space Heating (4) 173.9 27.9 15.2 1.6 44.7 0.6 73.2 292.3 25.1%
Space Cooling 0.0 177.2 177.2 15.2%
Water Heating 70.2 3.5 2.5 6.0 83.7 159.9 13.8%
Lighting 74.1 74.1 6.4%
Refrigeration (5) 75.8 75.8 6.5%
Electronics (6) 58.7 58.7 5.1%
Wet Cleaning (7) 3.3 47.9 51.2 4.4%
Cooking 11.7 1.6 1.6 20.8 34.2 2.9%
Computers 37.6 37.6 3.2%
Other (8)       12.4   12.4   189.1 201.5 17.3%
Total 259.1 31.3 31.8 1.6 64.7 0.6 838.1 1,162.5 100%
Note(s): 1) Emissions assume complete combustion from energy consumption, excluding gas flaring, coal mining, and cement production. Emissions exclude wood since it is assumed that the carbon released from combustion is reabsorbed in a future carbon cycle. 2) Includes kerosene space heating (1.6 MMT). 3) Excludes electric imports by utilities. 4) Includes residential furnace fans (22.9 MMT). 5) Includes refrigerators (62.2 MMT) and freezers (13.6 MMT). 6) Includes color television (58.7 MMT). 7) Includes clothes washers (3.9 MMT), natural gas clothes dryers (3.3 MMT), electric clothes dryers (28.5 MMT), and dishwashers (15.5 MMT). Does not include water heating energy. 8) Includes residential small electric devices, heating elements, motors, swimming pool heaters, hot tub heaters, outdoor grills, and natural gas outdoor lighting.









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